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What comes to your mind when you hear the word socks? Probably a piece of clothing to keep your feet warm during cold weather, or to protect your feet while you wear shoes. However, did you know that socks could be much more?

What are “Compression Socks”?

Compression socks, also known as compression stockings, are socks that apply gentle pressure to the legs and ankles, improving blood flow from the legs to the heart. They also help decrease swelling and pain in the legs and ankles. By reducing extra fluid in the legs, they reduce inflammation and improve blood flow through veins to the heart. They come in different lengths and tightness, and can also lower the chances of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a blood clot, and other circulation problems.

A Brief History

While we can trace the earliest form of compression-like garments back to the ancient Egyptians, we can thank a man named Conrad Jobst, a German mechanical engineer, for inventing what would become the forerunner to modern-day compression socks.

Due to modern advancements in technology and extensive research studies, compression socks and therapeutic hosiery as a whole industry made an impact in more than just the medical field. In the 80’s the use of compression garments in sports went on the rise. Runners made use of compression socks to promote blood flow and a quick recovery, especially on long runs.


As mentioned above, compression socks work by applying pressure to the affected area and promoting circulation. This reduces the pain and swelling in the affected area. While it may sound simple, this process provides a myriad of benefits to it.

  • Promotes Circulation – The pressure provided by compression socks allows oxygenated blood to flow through the veins in your legs, preventing blood clots.
  • Decreases Swelling and Pain- In addition to improved circulation, the pressure provided by the socks also decreases swelling through a process called  Lymphatic Drainage. This process allows the regulation of the lymphatic system.
  • Treatment of Varicose Veins – Varicose veins appear when blood collects in weak or damaged valves in the veins instead of flowing back to the heart. Blood in the legs has a harder time flowing back to the heart due to gravity.  The pressure provided by compression socks helps the blood flow up to the heart. Improving circulation.


Compression socks, invented by German mechanical engineer Conrad Jobst, are socks that apply gentle pressure to the lower extremities. This helps improve circulation and reduce swelling. They come in various lengths and tightness. These garments have become popular in sports, as they promote blood flow and quick recovery. They prevent blood clots by allowing oxygenated blood to flow through veins in the legs, regulating the lymphatic system.

Disclaimer and all of its content are for informational purposes only. All information is believed to be accurate at the time of posting and should NOT be taken as professional medical advice. Please seek a medical professional in the event of pain or injury.

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